William Davison of Alnwick.

William Davison (1781 - 1858). .
WILLIAM DAVISON apothecary, chemist, and druggist, copper-plate and letterpress printer. Alnwick: William Davison, Bondgate Street . During his lifetime Davison is known to have produced  forty two individual copperplate engraved caricatures. He was the son of a local farmer , served as an apprentice to a local chemist, William Davison was born in Alnwick on 16 November 1781, the younger son of William and Mary.  William Davison the elder was a Dissenter, and Mary was his second wife; he was described in parish records as husbandman, gardener and farmer.
Young William was schooled in Alnwick, and apprenticed at the age of fourteen to a chemist in Newcastle.  He returned in 1802 to set up business as a pharmacist, and in 1803 was for a short time in partnership with another printer (Joseph Perry).. An advertisement for Davison’s shop from the Newcastle Courant in 1804 indicates that, additional to  tinctures and salves, he  stocked books, paper, drawing materials and musical instruments and it appears as if he eventually decided to begin publishing books on his own account. . During 1807 and 1808 the published a number of illustrated chapbooks and volumes of poetry under the title of Davison & Catnach with his partner and mentor. It seems that Davison’s role was primarily that of financier whilst Catnach provided contacts with local engravers and technical expertise Early in his career he adopted stereotyping, not in general use at that time, and employed Thomas Bewick to illustrate his publications.  About 1814 he established a small foundry on his premises at Bondgate Street for the production of these metal stereotypes.  He also issued a quite fastounding trade catalogue which contains a total of over a thousand impressions of wood-engravings, metal ornaments, ornamental borders, etc. This list is not complete for reference the British Musem has the supreme collection**
***early states can be seen as  before plate number***


Countryman in London No 1.. .two yokels are debating  the left showing him paper: "Milse's wild beasts", and pointing at sign above: "royal tiger". 1812-7
No.2 – Let us all be Unhappy Together – a Single sheet,
The Politician, No.3 c. 1812-17 after an original design by Hogarth  ..a well-dressed gentleman reads a letter by a candle held close to his hat which is taking fire
The Old Maids' Petition, No.4 c.1812 -1817. . An old maid with a large chin and lump in her neck kneels in prayer before a simple table as a man looks down at her from a gap in the rafters. On the wall hang two notices entitled "Cupid's revenge" and "Love in a village".. 1812-7
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Hob and stage doctor.No.8  .three actors on stage, one playing doctor and examining mouth of another, the third as hob kneeling beside and putting flower? on doctor's head, audience standing around the stage and watching the performance. 1812-7
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Curate going on duty No.10..a curate riding horse to the right, leaving inn in the left middle distance where three men stand and grin 1812-7
Vicar Returning From duty No.11..a stout and self-satisfied cleric mounted on a fine horse returns to a large house  l. 1812-7
London Sportsmen  SHOOTING FLYING. No 12  two hunters accompanied by their dogs are at a country stile, one hunter looses of his piece at a flock of overflying birds while the other tosses his hat in the air.
13.London Sportsmen Marking Game, c. 1812-1817. After Gillray
14.London Sportsmen Recharging,. . c. 1812-1817. After Gillray
15.London sportsmen finding a hare. . after James Gillray's 'Cockney-sportsmen Finding a Hare' (BM Satires 9599): A hare crouches in long grass at left. The younger man runs forward dragging his gun, and holds out his hat to throw it on the hare. Both dogs slink furtively behind him. The elder man squats down to watch (right). 1812-7
The Gout, No.16 c.1812-1817 . .a man sitting in armchair, resting his left gout foot on footrest, ringing bell, looking back towards a man who is leaving the room through door on the left, window in the right background. 1812-7
The Frenchmen in Billinsgate.No.17 .a man and woman in fighting pose in street, another man on the left watching, another woman in the left foreground sitting by table and showing crayfish. 1812-7
Yawning is catching. No.18 . satire: three figures yawning, all sitting in chairs, a woman on the right and the other two men, behind table with book and paper  lettered: "W. Davison chymist". 1812-7
The misfortune No.19 . .in a farm, two horses became wild and dropped two figures in carriage on the left, another man holding on the right horse from which pigs are running away, mother and two children in cart in the right middle distance watching, church spires in the left background. 1812-7
Spaniard Lousing, No.20 c.1812-1817. a man standing by tree trunk, opening his collar, looking down, scratching his chest, shadows of church spires in the left background. 1812-7
Ax About   c.1812 - 1817 `No.21.. a portly, bald gentleman with a churchwarden pipe looks over his shoulder towards the viewer
Snuff and Twopenny No 22. . . Possibly After Dighton an old crone with only two teeth clutches a beer mug with one hand while taking a pinch of snuff with the other.  1812-7
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The Hermit .No.24. . a hermit with staff approaches a city
Me and my wife and daughter. No 25 . . After Bunbury a family of three on horseback, seen from behind, the man in the centre, flanked by the two women, in plain, house in the left middle distance. 1812-7
How to do Things by Halves No 26. . . After Bunbury two men on horseback,  with a horse climbing a stile. 1812-7
The  Blessing.No.27 . . .a bearded gentleman, perhaps a Quaker, prays while his cat eats his food
28.Druid and Highlander, c.1812-1817. satire on  quack doctors .  .a druid with spectacles sitting on barrel on the right, examining at leg of highlander who sits in profile on the left. 1812-7
Columbus breaking the Egg No.29.. after Hogarth (Paulson 194, BM Satires 3192) in reverse: Christopher Columbus demonstrating, having cracked an egg in order to make it stand, that a discovery appears simple only after an inventive mind has made it known. 1812-7
  Idleness No.30 . . a man and friends gambling on a gravestone, part dug grave beside them

Country Sport .No.31 . . a man and a youth chase a pig outside a country alehouse, a second youth lies on the ground and an onlooker nurses a sore head
 The Distressed Poet No 32. . A man sits at a table, pen in hand, posed to write on the sheet of paper before him. On the floor is a discarded piece of paper. His hat and coat hang from a peg on the wall beside the chimney above which is a shelf of books and a picture. The only other furnishings in the room are a broken chair, a bed tilted up against the wall, and a guzunda
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The Country Crier  No 35. . . . 1812-7 . .after print published by Sayer & Co in 1793 (BM Satires 8411), in reverse: The crier, his mouth wide open, with an angry expression, shakes his bell in the faces of three gaping and alarmed yokels (right). He wears a long old-fashioned coat, broad cocked hat and wig, and holds a cane. A young man with a pitchfork (left) loiters complacently. A path leads to a farmhouse (left). 1812-7 .a crier rings his bell to inform four yokels that Alice Grant's pig is `stolen or stayed' and promises the first sucking pig next Lammas day to whomsoever supplies `inflamation' on the animal's whereabouts. All this recounted in four lines below the imprint
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Economy, No. 44? 1816. . a barefoot father and son walking in field towards inn in the right middle distance, the father turning and looking towards the viewer, carrying stick over shoulder, his son also carrying sack on back. 1812-7

Jew purchasing old clothes . .two men standing in a street, the right bearded man showing a jacket and grinning towards the left jewish man, a church spire in the right background. 1812-7

Out of Place and Unpension'd, c.1812 - 1817.  after print by John Collet (cf. BM Satires 4338), in reverse: half-length man standing in profile to the right, holding stick in front of him, table on the right on which are tankard lettered: "small beer" and paper: "W Davison draggist Alnwick sells [...]". 1812-7

Slight of Hand by a Monkey or the Lady's Head Unloaded, c.1812-1817.  A monkey on a wall in upper left snatches off the tall wig from the head of a female macaroni rendering her bald, to the delight of a boy picking apples. 1812-7 After an original design by Carrington Bowles

The country tooth drawer . .after Robert Dighton (BM Satires 6759), in reverse: The interior of a farrier's smithy. A country woman sits on a low stool, while a farrier pulls at her tooth with a pair of pincers which he grasps in both hands. He presses one foot on her outstretched leg while a grinning assistant holds her head in both hands. A third man stands behind, also grinning and holding a stick above his head; one eye is bandaged. All three wear leather aprons. The wretched woman holds the tooth-drawer's left sleeve with one hand, his nose with the other; her eyes are closed. A boy (left) flourishes a broom. Behind (right) is the lighted forge. An anvil, horseshoes, and farrier's tools are in the foreground. A grinning face looks in through a wide-open window (left). Thatched buildings and trees are seen through the window. 1812-7

Let us all be unhappy together . .after print published by Laurie & Whittle in 1794 (BM Satires 8596): five men sit at a small square table on which are glasses and an empty punch-bowl, all have expressions of deep melancholy: one reverses his glass, another breaks his pipe, the bowl of which still smokes, the third weeps, the fourth looks down with a gesture of deprecating misery, the fifth looking towards the viewer. 1812-7

Idleness . after Hogarth (Paulson 170): a churchyard with four young men, one of whom is a boot-black, playing hustle-cap on a tomb; a beadle raises his cane to strike them; in the foreground skulls and bones and an open grave; beyond, the congregation enters the church. 1812-7

Untitled, 1815.  a highlander in kilt standing to the front in the centre, Indian man sitting on barrel behind on the left, smoking pipe, another barrel on the right. 1812-7 some relevance to the War of 1812 



The Old Maids' Petition, No.4 c.1812 -1817.

. An old maid with a large chin and lump in her neck kneels in prayer before a simple table as a man looks down at her from a gap in the rafters. On the wall hang two notices entitled "Cupid's revenge" and "Love in a village" 1812-7 Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, . This is from an early  plate without  numbering to the top right £40 inc delivery RARE plate


 The Distressed Poet No 32.

. A man sits at a table, pen in hand, posed to write on the sheet of paper before him. On the floor is a discarded piece of paper. His hat and coat hang from a peg on the wall beside the chimney above which is a shelf of books and a picture. The only other furnishings in the room are a broken chair, a bed tilted up against the wall, and a guzundaAntique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION;  some tinting  numbering to the top right £35 inc delivery

The misfortune No.19 .

.in a farm, two horses became wild and dropped two figures in carriage on the left, another man holding on the right horse from which pigs are running away, mother and two children in cart in the right middle distance watching, church spires in the left background. Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION;  , trimmed top edge creases, corner loss, . This is from an early  plate without  numbering to the top right £25

How to do Things by Halves No 26. .

. After Bunbury two men on horseback,  with a horse climbing a stile. 1812-7 Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, . This is from an early  plate without  numbering to the top right £25

Vicar Returning From duty No.11

..a stout and self-satisfied cleric mounted on a fine horse returns to a large house  l. 1812-7Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, some hand tinting , . This is from an early  plate without  numbering to the top right £35 inc delivery

Yawning is catching. No.18 .

satire: three figures yawning, all sitting in chairs, a woman on the right and the other two men, behind table with book and paper  lettered: "W. Davison chymist". 1812-7 Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, , . £25 inc delivery some light creases mark to base rt from old tape

The Hermit .No.24. .

a hermit with staff approaches a city.Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, some hand tinting , . £35 inc delivery some light creases



The misfortune No.19

. .in a farm, two horses became wild and dropped two figures in carriage on the left, another man holding on the right horse from which pigs are running away, mother and two children in cart in the right middle distance watching, church spires in the left background. 1812-7

Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, some hand tinting ,  This is from an early  plate without  numbering to the top right £35 inc delivery


Columbus breaking the Egg by Davison

Columbus breaking the Egg No.29.. after Hogarth (Paulson 194, BM Satires 3192) in reverse: Christopher Columbus demonstrating, having cracked an egg in order to make it stand, that a discovery appears simple only after an inventive mind has made it known. 1812-7

Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, .Red ink version  This is from a later plate with numbering to the top right £35 inc delivery

 


Me and my wife and daughter.
No 25 . . After Bunbury a family of three on horseback, seen from behind, the man in the centre, flanked by the two women, in plain, house in the left middle distance. 1812-7

Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, . This is from a later plate with numbering to the top right £35 inc delivery

 
Me and my wife and daughter by Davison

Me and my wife and daughter. No 25 . . After Bunbury a family of three on horseback, seen from behind, the man in the centre, flanked by the two women, in plain, house in the left middle distance. 1812-7

Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, age staining top right would remove easily. This is from a later plate with numbering to the top right £35 inc delivery printed in red Davison being tight used any colour ink and paper to hand

The misfortune No.19 .
.in a farm, two horses became wild and dropped two figures in carriage on the left, another man holding on the right horse from which pigs are running away, mother and two children in cart in the right middle distance watching, church spires in the left background. 1812-7

Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, age staining  to top edge , would remove easily. This is from an early  plate without  numbering to the top right £35 inc delivery


The Gout, No.16
 c.1812-1817 . .a man sitting in armchair, resting his left gout foot on footrest, ringing bell, looking back towards a man who is leaving the room through door on the left, window in the right background. 1812-7
Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, age staining to base corner right , would remove easily. This is from a later plate with numbering to the top left £45 inc delivery
The Gout, No.16
c.1812-1817 . .a man sitting in armchair, resting his left gout foot on footrest, ringing bell, looking back towards a man who is leaving the room through door on the left, window in the right background. 1812-7
Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, age staining to base corner right , would remove easily. This is from a later plate with numbering to the top left £45 inc delivery printed in red Davison being tight used any colour ink and paper to hand

Countryman in London No 1.. .two yokels are debating  the left showing him paper: "Milse's wild beasts", and pointing at sign above: "royal tiger". 1812-7

Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, age staining , would remove easily.

sold


Snuff and Twopenny No 22. . . Possibly After Dighton an old crone with only two teeth clutches a beer mug with one hand while taking a pinch of snuff with the other.  1812-7

Antique Etching done in the period between 1812 and 1817 on laid paper of varying quality , Davison produced a number of caricatures, often crudely executed plates in the manner of Gilray, Rowlandson and Bunbury.  from "Some Alnwick Caricatures" by William Davison.. Paper Size 26 x 18cm CONDITION; full page , good borders, age staining , would remove easily. This is from a later  plate with  numbering to the top right £30 inc delivery


 
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