William Hogarth. . 5 data.

William Hogarth was born in 1697 at Bartholomew Close, Smithfield  in London to Richard Hogarth, a  school teacher  and textbook writer of Latin, and Anne Gibbons. When Hogarth was sixteen he was apprenticed to Ellis Gamble,a silverplate engraver   in Leicester Fields, where he learned to engrave  trade cards etc.  Around this time  his father, had opened an unsuccessful Latin-speaking coffee house at St John's Gate, resulting in his imprisoned for debt in Fleet Prison between 1707 and 1712.
 By 1720 Hogarth had own business engraving book plates and painting portraits. Around this time Hogarth met the artist, Sir James Thornhill. Impressed by his history paintings, Hogarth made regular visits to Thornhill's free art academy in Covent Garden. The two men became close friends and Hogarth eventually married Thornhill's daughter, Jane.During the 1720s Hogarth worked for the printseller, Philip Overton. Hogarth also started to produce political satires. In 1726 Hogarth published The Punishments of Lemuel Gulliver, a satire on the prime minister, Robert Walpole.By the 1730s Hogarth was an established artist but he suffered from printsellers who used his work without paying royalties. In 1735 Hogarth manages to persuade his friends in Parliament to pass the Engravers' Copyright Act. Later that year, Hogarth established St. Martin's Lane Academy, a guild for professional artists and a school for young artists.
 In 1731, he completed the earliest of the series of moral works . This was A Harlot's Progress, first as paintings, (now  destroyed), and then published as engravings. The six scenes show  the miserable fate of a country girl who began a prostitution career in town is traced out remorselessly from its starting point, the meeting of a bawd, to its shameful and degraded end, the whore's death of venereal disease and the following merciless funeral ceremony. The original paintings of A Harlot's Progress were destroyed in the fire at Fonthill  House in 1755 which razed the house  belonging to William Beckford Senior also known as Alderman Beckford  NOT the Abbey as some moron on Wikipedia keeps putting which was not yet built at this time work commenced in 1796  and also a full five years before the birth of William Beckford of Fonthill Abbey(1 October 1760 – 2 May 1844)
A Harlot's Progress   was an immediate success, and  followed in 1735 by the sequel A Rake's Progress showing in eight pictures the reckless life of Tom Rakewell, the son of a rich merchant, who wasted  his money on luxurious living, whoring, and gambling, and  finished his life in Bedlam. The original paintings of A Rakes progress are in the Sir John Soane Museum in Londo In 1743–1745 Hogarth painted the six pictures of Marriage à-la-mode (now in the National Gallery, London), a pointed satire of upper class 18th century society.
After a period painting portraits of the rich and famous, Hogarth returned in 1751 to producing prints of everyday life. Prints such as Beer Street, Gin Lane and the Four Stages of Cruelty were extremely popular and sold in considerable  numbers.
In 1762 Hogarth published his anti-war satire The Times. This work upset a large number of MPs and one of the country's leading politicians, John Wilkes attacked Hogarth in his newspaper, The North Briton. Hogarth retaliated by producing his engraving, John Wilkes, Esq.In the engraving Wilkes is wearing a horn-like wig and holds his symbolic cap of liberty in such a way as to make a halo for himself.

Soon after producing his print of Wilkes, Hogarth became seriously ill. In July 1763 he had a paralytic seizure but the following year he started work again and in April, 1764, produced his final print Tailpiece: The Bathos (1764).  Hogarth died in London on 26 October 1764 and was buried at St. Nicholas's Churchyard, Chiswick Mall, Chiswick, London.

PUBLICATIONS:1.William Hogarth d. 1764. Sold a) Individual prints and sets.b)Folios.. . In 1764 the plates passed to Hogarth's wife, Jane .paper type a) Heavy French laid paper  b) Light French laid paper for popular shillling prints. This cheaper  paper crumbles as you watch and is VERY light sensitive so in a sunny room go for Boydell editions

2.Jane Hogarth d. 1789.a) Individual prints and sets. b) Folios.On her death in 1789 the plates passed to her cousin Mary Lewis who sold them to the publisher John Boydell for a lifetime annuity of 250 pounds.  JH paper type (1764 - 89) a) Heavy French laid paper.b) Wove paper; used mainly for smaller prints. 3.John Boydell a) 1790 Folio containing 103 plates.b) 1794 Folio containing 107 plates.c) 1795 Folio containing 110 plates.d) Boydell also sold individual sets and plates. (paper type 1789 - 1818) a) Sheets of laid paper inherited from Jane Hogarth.b) Variety of Laid papers.c) Wove paper with Whatman watermark.d) Wove paper without watermark.The best version . .. original plates upon better paper that will last 4.Heath : The plates were bought by the publisher Baldwin, Cradock and Joy at the Boydell sale in 1818 "The Works of William Hogarth" as published by Baldwin, Cradock and Joy in 1822 with the original plates restored by James Heath, engraver to His Majesty.  The Heath edition was the last to print directly from Hogarth's original engraved plates. All 'Hogarth' prints appearing after this date are merely copies with either a recut plate or the 'engravers version'




Hogarth and the hardest working dog in Georgain London
Other editions index varies  but these are as listed :-

1.The Portrait of Hogarth with his Dog Trump
2.The Portrait of Hogarth with the Comic Muse
3. The Harlot's Progress. . 6 plates
9.The South Sea   on the same page as    the Lottery
10. Masquerades and Operas _ Burlington gate ,on the same page as  Altar peices at St Clement's
11.Royalty, Episcopy & Law on the same page as The large Masquerade Ticket
12-18.Hudibras : 12 prints on 7 plates
19.The Beggar's Opera
20. The Beggar's Opera Burlesqued  on the same page as  Just View of the British Stage
21.Examination of Bambridge
22.King Henry VIII and Ann Boleyn
23.The Indian Emperor
24.Boy's Peeping at Nature on the same page as  Portrait of Sarah Malcolm
25.A Chorus of Singers  on the same page as  The Laughing Audience
26.Southwark Fair
27.Modern Midnight Conversation
28.The Man of Taste on the same page as   Rich's Triumphant Entry
29- 36 A Rake's Progress
37.Woman Swearing a Child
38.Sancho's Feast
39.The Sleeping Congregation
40.Company of Undertakers on the same page as The Lecturers
41.The Distressed Poet
42.The Pool of Bethesda
43.The Good Samaritan
44.Four Times of the Day . . Morning
45.Four Times of the Day . . Noon
46.Four Times of the Day . . Evening
47.Four Times of the Day . . Night
48.Strolling Actresses dressing in a Barn
49.The Enraged Musician
50.Portrait of Martin Folkes Esq
51.Taste in High Life
52.Portrait of Bishop Hoadley
53.Characters and Caricatures on the same page as Battle of the Pictures
54.- 59 Marriage a la Mode 6 plates
60.Garrick in RichardIII
61.Portrait of Simon Lord Lovat
62.- 68 Industry and Idleness  i
69.Distant View of Mr Ranby's House at Chiswick on the same page as
Hymen and Cupid on the same page as A country Inn Yard
70. The March to Finchley
71.The Gate of Calais
72.Beer Street
73.Gin Lane
74.The First Stage of Cruelty
75.The Second  Stage of Cruelty
76.Cruelty in Perfection
77.The Reward of Cruelty
78.Paul Before Felix Plate 1 (Burlesque Print)
79.Paul Before Felix Plate II
80.Paul Before Felix Plate III
81.Moses Brought Before Pharaoh's Daughter
82.Cloumbus Breaking the Egg on the same page as Receipt for the Election Prints
83./84 Analysis if Beauty ( 2 plates)
85.An Election Entertainment
86.Canvassing for Votes
87.Polling
88.Chairing the Member
89.The Royal masquerade at Somerset House
90.France
91. England
92.The Bench on the same page as Five Orders of Periwigs
93.The Cockpit
94.- 96 Don Quixote 6 prints on 3 plates
97.Frontespiece to Dr Brook Taylort's Perspective
98.The Frontespiece to Kirby's "Perspective Made Easy" on the same page as Time Smoking a Picture
99.Receipt for March to Finchley on the same page as The Farmer's Return
100.Head and tail Pieces to the Artist's Catalogue
101.The Weighing House on the same page as The Fontespieces to Tristarm Shandy
102.The Times Plate I on the same page as The Times Plate II
103.Portrait of John Wilkes
104.Portrait of Charles Churchill
105.Heads from the Cartoons
106.Sigismonda
107.The Shrimp Girl
108.The Politician
109.Portrait of Lord Holland on the same page as Portrait of Lord Charlemont
110.The House of Commons
111.Portrait of Captain Coram
112.Debates on Palmistry  on the same page as The Staymaker
113.Credulity,Supersition, and Fanaticism a Medley
114.Charity in the Cellar
115.Six Tickets
116.Finis - The Bathos

5.** Thomas Cook engraved this after Hogarth, as illustrations in "Hogarth Restored. The Whole Works of the celebrated William Hogarth". Published in 1806. Printed on wove paper In good condition as per pics. The engravings were often re-aligned on the page differing from the earlier Boydell Folio. We  have a  selection of  these Thomas Cook engravings after William Hogarth's paintings.  These engravings were executed and published by Cook between 1796-1803. They are the same size as Hogarth's original engravings, but are not from Hogarth's plates. Thus, they are earlier engravings than the Heath edition, but they are Cook's interpretation of Hogarth's works all sulky people are rendered smiling which for those used to the earlier editions is  quite odd also all difficult technical bits are removed. .  sanitised PC Hogarth but cheaper and for a large plate brilliant for eye candy ar real (ish)







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